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Challenge Yourself to Chopin!


Black Key Etude?

Have you ever heard of a piece that is written only on black keys? Doesn’t it sound intimidating, even when it's marked Vivace, one of the fastest tempos? The composer behind this daunting challenge to pianists is none other than Frédéric Chopin. Born in 1810 in Żelazowa Wola, Poland, Chopin is one of the most influential composers and pianists of the Romantic era. Renowned for his expressive and technically demanding piano works, Chopin's music continues to captivate audiences and pianists worldwide. His contributions to piano literature include a wide array of compositions that blend profound emotional depth with virtuosic brilliance.

Yes, virtuoso. Many of Chopin’s pieces require a demonstration of virtuosic talent on the piano. These works are not for everyone, unfortunately, as they demand pianists to showcase their skills and deliver brilliant stage performances. One such piece is "Étude Op. 10, No. 5," which is famously known as the "Black Key Étude." This moniker stems from Chopin's audacious decision to compose the piece almost entirely on the black keys, a characteristic that has made the étude a favorite among piano enthusiasts. Composed in 1830 and published in 1833, this unique feature contributes to the étude's playful yet challenging sound.

For many, playing this piece may seem daunting because it is written in G-flat major and marked with the brisk tempo of Vivace. The right hand dominates the piece with rapid triplet figuration, while the left hand contends with staccato chords and octaves, adding to the complexity. Moreover, the piece demands vivid contrasting dynamics, being structured in a ternary form (ABA). The A section features frequent shifts between forte and piano, followed by a more intricate B section in D-flat major. The return of the A section leads to a delicate pianissimo passage and culminates in a brilliant, fast-paced octave passage.

I know, this sounds horrifying to start playing. However, the lively sound urges us to practice it.

Hakdo's Interpretation

If you want to immerse yourself in Chopin’s mastery through this piece, you might consider practicing another piece directly inspired by the "Black Key Étude": the "Devil’s Etude" composed by Hakdo.

"Devil’s Etude," while clearly influenced by Chopin's original, showcases its distinctive style. Unlike the "Black Key Étude," this piece is not confined to the black keys, making it somewhat more approachable. Composed in G minor, it retains some of the technical demands but offers a fresh take that might feel more accessible to intermediate pianists.

Structure-wise, the "Devil’s Etude" deviates from the ternary form of Chopin's work. Instead, it is structured with repeating sections labeled A-A'-A''. While it might seem repetitive, it introduces variety through the composer's unique interpretations of Chopin's original melodies. The piece is divided into two main sections within each A segment: one that features Chopin's melody and another that showcases the composer’s original ideas. This pattern is repeated three times, with slight modulation towards the end.

While Chopin's section is modulated into G minor, the composer's variation introduces unique elements. If you listen closely, you will notice an internal melody played by the right hand. Syncopated rhythms capture the listener's attention, embodying the central idea of the piece. This syncopation creates a distinct contrast from Chopin's original work, providing a fresh and engaging listening experience.

Additionally, the "Devil’s Etude" includes a jazz-influenced coda, adding a modern twist to the classical framework. Interestingly enough, this coda gives contrasting vibe at the end, which was not shown earlier. It changes its tempo into accelerando, with the jazzy rhthym. While earlier sections were slow and classical music inspired, the coda offers you to enjoy the different mood of the piece which is uniquely written. This can be seen as the composer’s effort to show variety of interpretations of the Chopin’s piece. There is no need to stay within classical genre even if you are dealing with the cliché of classical music. This faster tempo, combined with the jazz elements, makes "Devil’s Etude" not only a technical challenge but also an opportunity to explore different musical styles and expressions. The jazz coda offers a playful and unexpected conclusion, blending classical virtuosity with contemporary feature.


Tips for Practicing This Piece for Those Who Are Interested

First, listen to how it is changed into a minor key. Chopin’s piece is composed in a major key, which gives listeners a feeling of upbeat delight. However, by changing it to G minor, this piece is meant to give a different vibe. A darker feeling should be conveyed, which you have to focus on.

Secondly, as I mentioned, the inner melody composed by the composer is important to keep in mind. If you forget to highlight the melody, then it will be just a simple pattern. Keep in mind that you need to deliver the inner melodies.

Lastly, since the coda is in such a contrasting tempo and genre, you need to think about how to emphasize this contrast more effectively. Maybe you can slow down a little bit before you start playing the coda, or you can finish the section in pianissimo and show a drastic crescendo in the coda.


Practicing the "Devil’s Etude" can serve as a stepping stone for pianists aspiring to master Chopin's "Black Key Étude." It offers a way to build technical proficiency and musical expressiveness while navigating through complex fingerings and dynamic shifts. By working on both pieces, pianists can gain a deeper appreciation of Chopin's influence and the creative potential that emerges from studying his works.

In summary, while Chopin's "Étude Op. 10, No. 5" remains a formidable challenge, it continues to inspire and motivate pianists to push their limits. Pieces like the "Devil’s Etude" offer an opportunity to experience similar technical and musical demands within a slightly more approachable framework. Both pieces highlight the enduring impact of Chopin's genius and the continuous evolution of piano music inspired by his legacy. Here, you can find the sheet to download and practice the music!

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